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Ahimsa Parmo Dharma | One should fight one's inner enemies - passions, attachment, aversion, desires and the like. What is the purpose of fighting the external enemies? Conquering the self through self-reliance leads to happiness. | Parasparo Upgraha Jivanam
Jain Glossary


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Jain Glossary (Dictionary) for the alphabet - P

 Word/Term  Meaning
Pada: Word
Padartha-pratibandha: Indirectly connected with an object
Padastha-dhyana: Concentration upon holy chants
Padma-lesya: Lotus-pink karmic stain
Paduka: Footprint
Paindastha-dhyana: Concentration upon certain objects made up of the elements of matter
Paksa: Thesis
Paksa-sadhya-samsarga: Association of the subject with the probandum
Paksa-suddhi: Purification of the thesis
Paksabhana: Knowledge of the subject
Paksadharmata: Subsistence in the subject
Paksadharmatva: Subsistence in the subject
Paksadosa: Fallacy in the thesis
Paksavacana: Statement of the subject
Paksiya sadhya-sadhana-sambandha: Relationship of the probandum and the probane of the subject
Pamana-siddha: Proved by definite organ of knowledge
Pancha-kalyanaka: The five auspicious events in the life of a Tirthankara; -mahotsava (the celebration of these events)
Pancha-mahavrata: See also mahavrata
Pancha-namaskara-mantra: See also namaskara-mantra
Pancha-rupya: Five characteristics
Panchendriya: Five-sensed
Pani-patra: Hand-bowl
Papa: Unwholesome karmas
Papopadesha: Preaching of sin to others
Para (Samgraha naya): Ultimate
Para prashansa: Praising others
Para-dravya: The being, location, time, or state, respectively, of other objects
Para-pratipatti: Understanding of others
Paraghata: Destructive; Possessing a limb or organ fatal to others, as a lion's claws, etc.
Paramanu: Atom
Paramatman: The highest [the liberated] soul
Paramesthin: The supreme divinity
Paramita: Perfection
Paraninda: Speaking ill of others
Parartha: For others (eye etc.)
Parartha (Anumana): For others (i.e. syllogistic)
Pararthya: Meant for others
Parasamaya: The tenants of others
Paridevana: Piteous or pathetic moaning to attract compassion
Parigraha: Possession; Worldly Attachment
Parigraha-tyaga: Preparatory to the monk's life. enjoins a gradual giving up of the world and retiring into some very quiet place to acquire the knowledge of truth and ultimately to become fit to be a teacher of the path to Liberation
Parigrahatyaga-pratima: The ninth stage in which a layman abandons the cares of worldly possessions
Parihara-vishuddhi: Ideal and passionless conduct
Pariksa: Examination
Parinama: Modification
Parinami-nitya: Eternal but constantly changing
Parinamika: Existence of knowledge
Parinamin: Changing
Paripurna (Naigama): Non-distinguished in general
Parisaha-jaya: Victory over the afflictions
Parishaha: Sufferings
Parishaha-jaya: Sub-dual of sufferings
Paritapiki-kriya: Anything which may cause mental pain to oneself or others
Parivrajaka: A non-Jaina mendicant
Parmarthika (Pratyaksa): Transcendental
Paroksa: Indirect perception, accomplished through the senses, inference, etc.; Non-perceptual
Paroparodhakarana: Residence in a place where one is not likely to be prohibited by others nor where one should be likely to prohibit others.
Parsad gunaudbhavana: Proclaiming the good qualities of others
Parthivi-dharana: Visualization of certain scenes by means of the earth element
Parvan: Jaina holy days
Paryapta: Rational five-sensed, fully developable soul
Paryapti: Developable; capable of developing the body
Paryaya: Mode; a synonym for bhava
Paryaya: Synonym
Paryayarthikabhasa: False point of view of mode
Paryayastikanaya: Point of view of the mode
Paryusana-parva: A ten-day holy period for fasting during the rainy season
Pasavaccijja: Those who follow the discipline of Parsva
Patra: Bowl
Paudgalika: Material
Phaddaga: A chapter of monks
Phala: Fruit; Resultant
Pinchi: A peacock-feather whiskbroom
Pita: Yellow
Pita-lesya: Yellow karmic stain
Pitr-loka: World of the Manes
Posadhopavasa: The third siksavrata and fourth pratima; fasting on the eighth and fourteenth days of each lunar fortnight
Posaha-sala: Fasting hall
Prabhavana: Illumination; Propagation of the path of Liberation
Prachala: Drowsiness
Prachala-prachala: Heavy drowsiness
Pradesa: Space-point; amount of karma
Pradesha: Quantity
pradesha-bandha: The particular number of the molecules actually absorbed
Pradeshatva: Capacity of having some kind of location in space; Spatiality
Pradoshiki-kriya: Tendency to accuse others in anger
Prajna: Wisdom
Prakaranasama (Hetvabhasa): Inconclusive
Prakirnaka: Miscellaneous; a group of Jaina canonical texts; scatterd stars
Prakriti: Kind
Prakrti: Original nature of mind and matter in the Samkhya doctrine; types of karma
Pralaya: Demanifestation
Pramada: Carelessness; Negligence; carelessness; apathy
Pramada-charitra: Thoughtless or inconsiderate conduct, such as plucking flowers or breaking branches of trees, without any purpose.
Pramana: Dimensions; Organ of knowledge
Pramana-prasiddhatva: Definitelly proved
Pramana-vikalpa-prasiddatva: Optionally proved
Pramana-vikalpa-siddha Proved as well as optionally proved
Pramanaikadesatva: Cognising a part of the organ of knowledge
Pramanatva: (No definition given)
Pramanavakya: Statement of the organ of knowledge
Pramanya: Validity
Pramatr: The knower
Pramatta-virata: Total restraint without overcoming pramada; the sixth gunasthana
Pramatva: Organ of knowledge
Prameya: Subject
Prameyatva: Capacity of being known by someone, or of being the subject-matter of knowledge, knowability
Pramoda: Delight at the sight of beings,better qualified or more advanced than ourselves on the path of liberation
Pranatipiki-kriya: Depriving another of vitalities of age, sense-organs, power or respiration
Pranayama: Yogic control of respiration
Prapyakarita: Working in close contact
Prapyakaritva: Contactory nature
Prarambha-kriya: Trying to persevere in one's attachment to worldly belongings
Prasama: Ease
Prasanga-viparyaya: Perverted cause
Prasiddha: Proved
Prasna: Question
Prasnadesa: Astrologer (who answers questions)
Prasnika: Who asks question
Prati-narayana: A Jaina literary type; the villian
Pratibandha: Hindrance
Pratiharya: Miraculous phenomenon
Pratijna: Thesis
Pratikramana: Ritualized confession
Pratima: Stages of renunciation for a layman
Pratimas: The Eleven stages of the Householder's Life
Pratipatin (Avadhi): Extinguishing
Pratisedha: Negation
Pratisedha-sadhaka (Hetu): Which proves something negative
Pratisedharupa (Hetu): Negative
Pratisrika: Each one of them
Pratita: Obstructed
Prativadin: Opponent
Pratyabhijna: Recognition
Pratyakhyana: Renunciation of certain foods; one of the six avasayakas
Pratyakhyanavarananiya: Obstructors of complete renunciation
Pratyakhyanavaraniya: Total-vow-preventing passions including anger, pride, deceit and greed
Pratyaksa: Direct perception; Perceptual cognition
Pratyaksa viruddha: Contradicted by perceptual cognition
Pratyaksagamya: Perceived directly
Pratyayiki-kriya: Inventing new sense-enjoyments
Pratyeka: Individual; solitary
Pratyeka sharira: Individual body; A body enjoyable by one soul only
Pratyeka Sharira-Vargana: Individual body-molecule
Pravacana-matrka: The eight exercises that prepare a monk for advanced meditational states
Pravachana-bhakti: Devotion to Scriptures
Pravachanavatsalatva: Tender affection for one's brothers on the path of liberation
Pravrajya: Renunciation
Pravrttinimitta: Usage
Prayascitta: Repentence of transgressions
Prayashchitta: Expiation--internal austerity
Prayoga-kriya: Bodily movement
Prayogya-labdhi: Reduction of karmic matter in soul attainment of purity due to such a reduction
Prayojaka-vrddha: A man, who comprehends the word
Prayojya-vrddha: Elder person, who is asked to do a thing
Proshadhopavasa: Fortnightly must fast; Taking a vow to fast on 4 days of the month,viz. the two 8th and the two 14th days of every lunar fortnight
Prthvi-kayika: Earthbodies
Psadha-pratima: The fourth sravaka-pratima
Pudgala: Matter
Pudgala Dravya: Matter-Substance
Pudgala-skandha: Aggregate of matter
Pudgalavadin: Follower of Buddhist school which upholds a theory of soul
Puja: Worship
Pumveda: Masculine; Sexual cravings for a female
Punya-karma: Wholesome karma
Punya-ksetra: Field of merit
Puranas: Name of a class of sacred texts dealing with the lives of Tirthankaras
Purusha: Person; Soul
Purusha-visesa: Special soul, i.e., the God (Isvara) of the Yoga school
Purushaveda: Male-sex-consciousness
Purva: A group of fourteen Jaina canonical texts, now extinct
Purva ratanu smarana-tyaga: Renouncing of thinking over, remembrance of past enjoyment of women
Purvacara (Hetu): Predecessor
Purvacaranupalabdhi: Non-availability of the predecessor
Pushpa: Flower

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