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Ahimsa Parmo Dharma | The defining characteristics of soul are: knowledge, perception, conduct (activity), austerity, potency (capability) and cognitive faculty (No other entity possesses these qualities). | Parasparo Upgraha Jivanam
Lord Rishabhadev


Rishabha Dev (ऋषभदेव) or Adinatha was the first of the 24 Tirthankaras of the present age(Avasarpini). Because of this, he had the name of Adinath - the first lord. Rishabh, Rishabhanāth, Rushabh, Rushabhdev, Adinath or Adishwar are the other names used for Rishabha Dev.

Symbol - Bull

Lord Rishabhadev
Father Nabhi Raja
Mother Mata Marudevi
Clan Name Ikshvaku
Source of Descent Sarvarthsiddha
Date of Descent (Garbha Kalyanaka) Ashad krishna paksha 4
Place of Birth Vinittanagri
Date of Birth (Janma Kalyanaka) Chaitra Krishna
Nakshatra Uttrashadha
Age 84 Lac Purva
Height 500 dhanusha (poles)
Body Colour Golden
Place of Enlightenment Purimtal
Date of Enlightenment (Kevala Gyana Kalyanaka) Falgun Krishna Paksha 11
Date of Diksha (Diksha Kalyanaka) Chaitra Krishna Paksha 8
Diksha Tree or Vat Vriksha Vata (Banyan)
First person to donate food Shreyans Kumar
Place of Nirvana Ashtapad Mount
Date of Nirvana (Moksha Kalyanaka) Magh Krishna Paksha 13
Period of Practices 1,000 years
Chief Disciple (Ganadhar) Pundarik
Number of Disciples (Ganadhars) 84
Number of Ascetics 84 Thousand
Head of Female Ascetics Brahmi
Number of Female Ascetics 3 Lac
Male Laity 3.5 Lac
Female Laity 5.54 Lac
God of Organisation (Yaksh) Goumukh
Goddess of Organisation (Yakshini) Chakreshwari Devi

Life of Rishabha Dev

Rishabha dev was born to King Nabhi Raja and Queen Marudevi at Ayodhya in the Ikshvaku clan. According to Jain beliefs, Rishabha dev existed before civilization developed. He taught people agriculture, tending of animals, cooking, and more. He had one hundred and one sons.

His eldest son - Bharat - was a chakravarti king - the conqueror of the known world. In the later part of his life he retired to become a monk and attained moksha. Since he became a siddha, he is occasionally worshipped. According to the Jain beliefs, India was named Bhārata-varsha or Bhārata after him.

His second son was Bahubali, whose statue stands at Shravanabelagola, Karnataka as well as at Karkala. Marudevi mother of adinath was the first person to achieve moksha - even before Rishabha dev himself. Rishabha dev's grandson Marichi's soul later became Mahaveera. He attained 'kevala gyana' or infinite knowledge at Palitana and attained liberation (moksha) at Ashtapada mountain in Himalayas.

Famous Rishabha Dev Temples

Adishwar Temple, Ranakpur, Rajasthan
Adinath Temple, Nahta Chowk, Bikaner, Rajasthan
Adishwar temple, Palitana, Gujarat
Adinath derasar, Vataman, Gujarat
Adinath temple, Khajuraho, MP
Adinath temple, Ayodhya, UP
Adinath temple, Chand-Khedi, Near Kota, Rajasthan
Adinath at Rishabhdeo or Rikhabdeo near Udaipur, Rajasthan
Adinath Bhagvan Temple, Mahrauli, Delhi
Bhagawan Adinath Temple, Hirehattihole, Karnataka
Adinath Bhagvan Temple, Ponnur Hill, Tamilnadu
Adinath Temple in Ranila, Rohtak, Haryana
Adishwar Temple, Walkeshwar, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Adinath Jain Temple, Santhu Bagra (Marwar), Jalore, Rajasthan

Om Namah

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